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Beer retailers often relate to an off licence, but also many of the well known Public Houses that exist in modern times actually began life as a simple beer house. There is a natural problem linking beer retailers to a Public House, as the beer house is literally that, it is a beer house and not a named licenced premises. The only recognition that beer houses usually had was a sign outside which was usually well known to the local residents, but not very well documented.
If you view any of the various trade directories, it is rare for a beer retailers premises to be named, with just an address, and often this address will be a street or even a town, rather than a specific numbered address. The census, sometimes, give additional information, including the sign of the pub / beer house. This detail can vary tremendously from area to area, dependant on the amount of detail that has been noted.
More useful are the Petty Sessions records kept by the local courts in their recording of any licensed activity. The beer retail licenses are scant in their detail, but appear to always note an address and also the name of the sign outside the beer house. This listing, in the first instance of the 1917 and 1922 Essex beer retailers is aimed at finding new [old] Pubs to add to this site, where the Essex / London boundaries keep shifting. Although all of Essex is listed, this is particularly aimed at the east of London, e.g Stratford, Plaistow, East Ham etc, as these areas were changing most rapidly in the 19th and 20th centuries as London increased in size in a magnitude.
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And Last updated on: Monday, 04-Nov-2013 00:31:51 GMT